AskDefine | Define ibidem

Dictionary Definition

ibidem adv : in the same place (used when citing a reference) [syn: ibid., ib.]

User Contributed Dictionary

Latin

Adverb

  1. in that very place
  2. at that very instant

See also

Extensive Definition

Ibid. (Latin, short for ibidem, "the same place") is the term used to provide an endnote or footnote citation or reference for a source that was cited in the preceding endnote or footnote. It is similar in meaning to idem (meaning something that has been mentioned previously; the same) abbreviated "Id.," which is commonly used in legal citation.
To find the ibid. source, one has to look at the reference right before it, and so ibid. serves a similar purpose to ditto marks (〃, ", do.).

Example

  • 4. E. Vijh, Latin for dummies (New York: Academic, 1997), 23.
  • 5. Ibid.
  • 6. Ibid., at 29.
The reference in no. 5 is the same as in no. 4 (E. Vijh, "Latin for dummies" on page 23), whereas the reference in no. 6 refers to the same work but at a different location, namely page 29. Intervening entries require a reference to the original citation in the form "Ibid. ," (e.g. "8. Ibid. 4" or "8. Ibid 4, at 34")

See also

ibidem in German: Ebenda
ibidem in Estonian: Ibid.
ibidem in Spanish: Ibídem (vocablo latino)
ibidem in French: Ibid
ibidem in Italian: Ibidem
ibidem in Dutch: Ibid
ibidem in Japanese: Ibid
ibidem in Norwegian: Ibid
ibidem in Polish: Idem
ibidem in Slovak: Ibidem
ibidem in Slovenian: Ibid.
ibidem in Swedish: Ibidem
ibidem in Turkish: Ibid
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